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A Anonymous Mar 12, September 9, at 5: July 10, at 9: Hi, my female dog and I have been up since 4: This will prevent dripping. Besides being a great way to raise your heart rate, sex helps keep your estrogen and testosterone levels in balance.

Practice Quiz: Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology

Urinary Incontinence in Children

When you have an orgasm, it causes contractions in those muscles, which strengthens them. Research suggests a link between sex and lower blood pressure , says Joseph J. Sex uses about five calories per minute, four more calories than watching TV. It gives you a one-two punch: It bumps up your heart rate and uses various muscles. You may even want to clear your schedule to make time for it on a regular basis.

A good sex life is good for your heart. Besides being a great way to raise your heart rate, sex helps keep your estrogen and testosterone levels in balance. Having sex more often may help. During one study, men who had sex at least twice a week were half as likely to die of heart disease as men who had sex rarely. Before you reach for an aspirin , try for an orgasm. It releases a hormone that helps raise your pain threshold. Do you suspect a urinary tract infection? Or could it be from another part of his body?

Urinary tract infections are often related to diet. The pH level of their urine becomes too alkaline and allows infection to take hold. They sell pH strips for this. Most healthy dogs have a neutral to slightly acid urinary pH between 6 and 7. You want to keep him in the right range. Our 6 year old sigh tzu has been diagnosed with struvite stones. She always has water available to her and she drinks a lot.

Her infections go away with treatment but then will come back. I teach high school and am constantly busy with our 2sons…not a lot of free time in another words. Any suggestions for long term? By monitoring it, you can see when he might be developing a problem and do some dietary changes.

Also, given how small your dog is, you might consider home-cooking her meals. Here is a sample meal:. This diet provides approx. You can also substitute 2 to 3 cups of potato, cooked with skin, or 2 cups of cooked macaroni for the rice. You can get these from your veterinarian. Be sure she is allowed to go at least every 6 to 8 hours. This was the last of what I can safely afford…. Its been 4 days since the last visit, and his urination stream is very very weak, followed by a few drops of thick blood..

Any advice is appreciated. There are two types of urinary crystals: In simplest terms, both are generally related to diet, so if you can get the diet right, you can reduce the problem. There is some great info available on this page.

Cranberry is acidic and is believed to prevent bacteria from adhering to the walls of the bladder. The unflavored solutions of Pedialyte have an average pH of 4. Raw ACV is the only vinegar that is alkaline-forming to the body. All other vinegars white, balsamic, red wine, etc are acid-forming. Your vet might prescribe some meds to alleviate this that you can administer as needed. Perhaps he is drinking less because of the liquid you are adding to his food which I think is a great idea.

Changing his diet to change his chemistry takes a bit of time. My 6 month old puppy keeps getting uti with ecoli present. Should I treat her with vinegar or give her the amoxicillin I have for myself in hand? You can give her some amoxicillin, but ultimately you want to find the source of the ecoli else the problem will come back. Is it related to her food? The concern with the juice is the sugar content.

Sugar can feed the problem. If you want to use juice, try to get the one with the least sugar in it. Of course, once you do that, it becomes pretty bitter so you will have to add it to their water or food gradually. Sometimes capsules are easier because of this. We took our lab to the vet yesterday and she did exray also wants a urine sample but today there is no blood just clear pee.

So wondering if we could use cranberry juice and if so how much and how often. Cranberry contains a property that seems to prevent bacteria from adhering to the walls of the bladder. Free floating bacteria will be flushed out of the bladder the next time a dog urinates. So rather than curing a URI, it works best as a preventative. Juice-wise, look for a juice that does not have sugar in it as the extra sugar can feed bacteria. You might also look at cranberry supplements like: For dogs and cats prone to struvite crystals and bladder infections, this product helps balance the urinary tract pH and dissolve struvite crystals.

I was thinking of giving her sit-down baths rather than bathing her with the detachable shower I usually use. Is there something I can put in the water that will soothe her urethra?

Thank you so much for your help in this matter. What are the signs you are seeing? Did your vet prescribe any meds after the first visit? Why did the vet feel more tests are needed? How old is your dog? Cranberries contain a substance that is believed to prevent bacteria from sticking on the walls of the bladder. So the bacteria is flushed out in their urine. It is more beneficial as a preventative than as a treatment of cystitis.

Some people do have better luck feeding the berries — or mixing them into food — than putting the juice in their water. If it is dry and irritated, you might try a very small amount of neosporin ointment. My pug 1 year old is having acute uti. He had catheter inserted for 4 days and still his problem continues.

Iam really worried about his bladder getting full and tight. It sounds like he may be blocked. That can be a life-threatening situation. It is important that you take your pet to your veterinarian immediately. The most common cause of not urinating is that something is blocking the urethra , preventing the bladder from emptying the urethra is the tube that connects the bladder to the genitals for the removal of fluids from the body.

Some reasons for urinary obstruction include:. Bladder stones — Hard or calcified deposits of minerals that form in the urinary bladder. Bladder or uretheral mass — A lump or tumor found on or around the bladder or along the urethra.

Mucus plug — Made up of mucus, protein and crystals that can block the urethra of a male cat. Not being able to urinate can cause the urine to back up into the kidneys, which can then lead to kidney failure very quickly. Kidney failure allows toxins to build up in the bloodstream which can cause heart problems and other organs to fail. This occurs most often in male cats but can happen to female cats and dogs of both genders, too.

She loves the juices and they definitely helped with her uti. Dogs will typically not drink cranberry juice, so giving tablets or capsules is a good option option. Also they are super concentrated. Give one mg capsule per 10 pounds of dog each day. If you go this route, add it to their food or water at an amount they will tolerate, then increase it over time. Or you can mix it with something like plain yogurt and squirt it down their throat at an amount of about 1 tablespoon 2x per day.

I have a question, I have a 12 week old puppy she is 26 pounds. How many would I give her? I take them and the powder inside is very bitter.

I have been giving her dried cranberries in her meals and she gobbles them up. If you want to use the capsules, perhaps you can bury the powder inside food — like canned dog food or even a bit of sour cream. I found your article to be especially helpful. I am wondering what the ratio is of Apple Cider Vinegar to water. For my chickens, i use 2 tablespoons per gallon of water. Thanks for the help so far, Theresa. So mix it with enough water that your dog will drink it.

You can start with less and build up to the desired amount as your dog gets accustomed to the flavor. We have taken Megy off the loxicom and decided to give her the pardale alone as you suggested however it is a nightmare trying to get Megy to take the pardale as she finds it very unpalatable and so we wondered if perhaps there was a more palatable pain killer for treating pain whilst maintaining the efficacy of pardale, please?

We have already tried first thing this morning the cat food as you suggest and she ate a little which was encouraging. We also tried the pardale in this also but no luck as she has become so cute to the fact we are trying to disguise it and she hates it…!

We are cooking the menu from recipe one as I write and looking forward very much to seeing her eat something that we now know will be beneficial for her and we will keep you posted. You would need to check with your vet to see if there is an alternative to pardale. Have you tried wrapping it in cheese — those individual slices you use to make grilled cheese sandwiches? Glad to hear the cat food worked, even a little. I hope the home cooking was a hit, too! Thank you so much for your kind and very prompt reply.

We were told it was a transient cell carcinoma and that it was very advanced. We did consider the biopsy of course for a definite diagnosis but were told that it was highly inlikely to yield any additional information. My instinct was to have the facts however when you are faced with professionals who think that because your treasured pet is 15 years old, that you should do the decent thing, give your pet a cuddle and say goodbye…. Even the fact that we asked for a scan made us feel guilty that we were going beyond the cultural norm and putting Megy through unnecessary procedures…!

Sorry for ranting but we are limited in our options for a second opinion…! We do however intend taking her off the loxicom and sticking with the pardale as you suggest.

Can you suggest an alternative which maybe more palatable please? Thank you very much for the recipes for kidney failure and we will try this immediately. In recipe one there is the addition of fish oil, is this ok to use when Megy has pancreatitis?

It does seem that sometimes people diminish the value of a life when that life speaks a different language, but our life is the only thing in this world that is genuinely ours. It certainly deserves respect and care. Fish body oil, such as salmon oil or EPA oil not cod liver oil , may seem counterintuitive at first, because of its high fat content, but it can actually help lower blood lipid levels both triglycerides and cholesterol.

Studies have also found it to be beneficial in treating acute pancreatitis, while its effects on chronic pancreatitis are unknown. When supplementing with fish body oil, also supplement with vitamin E. Your email address will not be published. September 9, at 5: September 10, at 9: August 28, at 3: August 28, at 8: August 27, at 5: August 6, at August 7, at 9: August 6, at 7: August 6, at 8: July 23, at 8: July 23, at 9: July 12, at 9: July 13, at 8: July 9, at 9: July 10, at 9: June 28, at 2: June 29, at 8: June 12, at 9: June 13, at 9: April 28, at 7: April 28, at 8: March 24, at 2: March 25, at 8: February 27, at 8: February 28, at 8: February 4, at 3: February 4, at January 14, at January 15, at 1: November 10, at 9: November 11, at Quadena R Rhodes says: October 12, at 8: October 12, at September 18, at 2: September 19, at 8: August 22, at 8: August 23, at 9: August 21, at 8: August 22, at 9: August 20, at 2: August 20, at August 19, at 2: August 20, at 9: July 29, at July 29, at 8: June 29, at 2: June 30, at 8: May 24, at 5: May 24, at 9: April 16, at 1: April 17, at 9: March 9, at 2: March 9, at 7: February 20, at February 20, at 8: February 19, at 1: February 19, at February 2, at 2: February 2, at 5: January 14, at 2: January 10, at 8: January 11, at December 27, at 8: December 27, at 9: A connective tissue renal capsule surrounds each kidney.

On the medial side of the kidney is the hilum, where the renal artery and nerves enter and where the renal vein and ureter exit the kidney. A funnel-shaped calyx surrounds the tip of each renal pyramid. Renal pyramid, any of the triangular sections of tissue that constitute the medulla, or inner substance, of the kidney.

Calcitriol, also called 1,dihydroxycholecalciferol or 1,dihydroxyvitamin D3, is the hormonally active metabolite of vitamin D with three hydroxyl groups. Erythropoietin, also known as EPO, hematopoietin, or hemopoietin, is a glycoprotein hormone that controls erythropoiesis, or red blood cell production. It is produced by interstitial fibroblasts in the kidney in close association with peritubular capillary and proximal convoluted tubule.

Creatinine is a chemical waste product in the blood that passes through the kidneys to be filtered and eliminated in urine D: Healthy kidneys turn vitamin D into an active hormone calcitriol , which helps increase calcium absorption from the intestines into the blood.

Nephron meaning "kidney" is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. Its chief function is to regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances like sodium salts by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine. The renal papilla is the location where the renal pyramids in the medulla empty urine into the minor calyx in the kidney. Histologically it is marked by medullary collecting ducts converging to form a papillary duct to channel the fluid.

Minor calyx is a cup-shaped cavity at the base of the renal papilla, which drains urine from the renal papillae into the major calyx. Major calyx is the cavity formed by the convergence of several minor calyces, which drain urine from the minor calyxes into the renal pelvis then through the ureter.

Filtration is the movement of materials across the wall of the nephron into Bowman's capsule to form a filtrate. Filtration is the movement of materials across the filtration membrane into Bowman's capsule to form a filtrate.

In reabsorption, the solutes are reabsorbed across the wall of the nephron into the interstitial fluid by transport processes, such as active transport and cotransport. The ascending limb of the loop of Henle functions to:. The ascending limb of the loop of Henle functions to dilute the filtrate by removing solutes. The thin segment of the ascending limb is not permeable to water, but it is permeable to solutes. The cuboidal cells of the distal tubule and collecting duct function to remove water and additional solutes.

Renin and angiotensin help regulate aldosterone secretion. Renin is secreted by cells of the juxtaglomerular apparati in the kidneys. It is an enzyme that acts on a protein produced by the liver called angiotensinogen. In the proximal tubule, solute molecules move by active transport and cotransport from the lumen of the tubule into the interstitial fluid. Water moves by osmosis because the cells of the tubule wall are permeable to water.

When ADH levels increase, the permeability of the distal tubules and collecting ducts to water increases, and more water is reabsorbed from the filtrate.

An increase in ADH results in the production of a small volume of concentrated urine. On the other hand, when ADH levels decrease, the distal tubules and collecting ducts become less permeable to water. As a result, less water is reabsorbed, and a large volume of dilute urine is produced. Angiotensin II acts on the 6 adrenal cortex, causing it to secrete aldosterone. Renin is an enzyme that acts on a protein produced by the liver called angiotensinogen.

Amino acids are removed from, leaving angiotensin I. Angiotensin II acts on the adrenal cortex, causing it to secrete aldosterone. Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. You have not finished your quiz.

If you leave this page, your progress will be lost. Regulation of blood volume and pressure 1. Absorption of digested molecules D: What organs compose the Urinary System? Two kidneys, two ureters, two urethrae, and a urinary bladder 2. Two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary bladder, and a urethra C:

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