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This is rather late but I am just finding this site and your comment is one I related to. The dogmatic approach by the paleo movement to excluding ALL legumes has not made sense to me. Why is this significant? It is a MCT and your body needs that kind of fat. I had gone 1.

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Maybe cooked in coconut oil. You can never have enough veggies! Most nutritionists now recognize that the protein contained in shellfish is exactly the same as that contained in a dust mite and that is why so many people are allergic to shellfish so unless you like it and dust mites in cockroaches you might want to avoid shellfish just as a general rule.

Oz the infamous Doc says eat beans they are ultimately beneficial, then Tuesday Paleo says no, exclude them. Last week the Diabetes Summit said we need more manganese and this and that minerals or supplements to prevent Diabetes. So I looked up high manganese source and up came lentils. One after another I entered the mineral and up came lentils on the top. Back in the seventies, I was a young man with high ideals, and part of those delt with a healthy diet and lifestyle. It seemed to work for a while, but as I aged, and decades passed, my health began to deteriorate.

The longer I clung to my diet the worse I became, and the more determined I was to stick to my guns. Soon I was a walking skeleton. In desperation, I added animal protein, and started eliminating gluten, all grains, and finally legumes. Adding any of these back immediately results in serious repercussions. Thank you for your well thought out balanced approach to this subject.

For me, the legume restriction in the paleo diet has always felt wrong. I feel almost as strongly about this as when the Adkins craze first came on and we were supposed to severely limit our fruit and vegetable intake to have the diet succeed. I just knew that was wrong. I look at this as a long road we have come down. A bunch further down the road and the paleo people have just about got it right finally, but not completely. Moderation is definitely a key to all of this, as you have pointed out.

Also, we are not all built the same. People have all kinds of allergies or adverse reactions to all kinds of normally healthy foods and must adjust their individual diets accordingly.

Thank you for you brilliant and fantastic observation. I suffer from chronic psoriasis and have been experimenting with every diet under the sun.

Your summary is brilliant and encapsulates everything about the progression of a diets and the need for flexibility. Your discussion is balanced and rational — thank you. What a great article, thanks. The dogmatic approach by the paleo movement to excluding ALL legumes has not made sense to me. We humans are hard-wired to want and need variety. It seems silly to me to exclude a whole, naturally occurring food group because of a theory.

Thanks for your balanced viewpoint. I love your balanced approach. And your point about dogma makes so much sense. I found my way to what was essentially paleo through a year of my own experimentation of what seemed to harm or help me. Eventually I did accept the label as found it so much easier to have a single name to explain my new lifestyle.

I realize now this issue can be articulated in one word: More science, more inner-focus, no dogmatic thinking. Thanks for helping me see this, Chris. Instead of searching for post-hoc rationalizations for not eating legumes and other foods because of fossil findings, maybe we should stick to nutritional science based on the study of what works for people we can actually observe and control for with randomized double blind studies? I have been eating Paleo since February and I am so glad I came across this article!

Every so often I get a craving for split peas or navy beans. I guilt almost a sense of guilt if I stray from the paleo way. What you said helps me understand the whole legume debate. This article is exactly why I love Chris Kresser. I recently came across some recipes where the person suggested soaking in whey reduces all the nasties that make some of these foods difficult to digest.

I would think that adding some whey to the soaking water and soaking for hours would do the trick. I heard that if you soak the beans in water with 1 tsp of baking powder it will reduce the phytic acid. Much of the Paleo diet I can stomach. But the idea that I have to cut lentils out of my diet — an enormous source of protein and fiber, as well as milk man, do I love milk makes it simply not possible.

I can live with no grains, starch, etc. I however cannot do without milk. Not even wild animals — predators would never pass up a protein source.

Big cats have been observed drinking milk from a nursing prey animal when they down it. I am talking about foodstuffs that occur naturally in the environment, not Cheetos, of course. We are not meant to eat a restrictive diet, and from an evolution standpoint, we are very opportunistic and adaptable hence the variations in diets across the globe based on what is available.

Cutting out entire food groups is never the answer. Eating clean and eating REAL food are the core of a healthy diet. Some more information to aid me in eating better. I was under the impression that legumes were good for you. I ate maybe serving a week. Yeah, I was one of those people that tried to eat the way we were told.

I was always hungry, so I would eat some more, carbs. After my heart attack and later a 3x bypass. I still continued to eat the same way and taking the pills the doctor prescribed for my high cholesterol. Then one day I saw Dr Oz. He had a cardiologist on his show. I heard him say that cholesterol was not the main cause of heart disease.

It was marketing from good old Crisco. So I changed the way I ate, based on this book. I dropped all grains from my diet with the exception of steel cut oats and quinoa. Quinoa is not really a grain. I ate all meat except red meat. Started eating bacon and saving the grease like our grandparents did. Stopped using canola oil. I only use olive oil, lard non-hydrogenated or bacon fat, virgin coconut oil, and butter from grass-fed cows. I do eat the white sweet potatoes with skin instead of the white potatoes.

I was never hungry. I ate 2 or 3 times a day. My total cholesterol was higher than the standard I currently weight 5 lbs.

Eating like our ancestors, I believe is the way to go. Its just common sense. If everybody did this, I believe heart disease would drop along with the cancer rate. Heart disease and cancer was rare in the 19th century until the addition of sugar and trans-fat was introduced.

Thank you so much for your balanced approach to paleo. The dogmatic approach to Paleo is at times a big turn off. Especially all of the paleo-hacks of bread, desserts, etc. I do enjoy eating legumes frequently times a week and they are definitely a part of my traditional diet, being a Southerner.

My great grandmother is about to turn 99 and the more I learn about Paleo, the more I connect to the way I remember her eating when I was a child before the low-fat dogma hit my family. Which I love so much. I like the taste of nuts but I cannot eat them. I eat them very rarely due to this. They give me really bad digestive problems. Yet, legumes on the other hand are great. However, I really love beans and they give me no digestive problems at all. I follow a lot of Japanese and Korean cooking and they tend to eat a lot of beans.

They are much healthier than us. I think this is a better way to eat. If Paleo was minus nuts but included legumes I would have stuck to this diet long ago. They will be a good addition to my diet on days when my teeth need a break. Having been allergic to Legumes my entire life and avoiding them, I have no problems with my gut and digestive track. My family has a history of gastro-intestinal problems: One brother has ulcerative colitis, other brother has IBS, and mother had her colon and most of her small intestines removed 15 years ago.

As a child, I was able to eat some of the legume family group without incident. But now, as an adult in her 50s, my immune system lessened and I cannot tolerate any intake of legumes. When I got into my 30s, I started to become very tired and fatigued and not by being overweight and suffered from frequent headaches.

After conferring with a nutritionist, I deleted wheat out of my diet. Thinking back 20 years ago, there were not a lot of substitute food options available. And walking through a grocery store trying to find foods I could eat and reading food labels before they were regulated was pure torture. Persistence paid off, my health improved, my mood swings stabilized, my headaches went away and I felt better overall.

But I still cannot convenience my brothers to take gluten and legumes out of their diet. The huge list of the legume family was and is daunting. But avoidance is the best medicine for me and my health. It still amazes me how many people do not know that peanuts are not a nut! I am in agreement that we were never natually meant to eat all these legumes.

Thank you Chris for your article and opening our eyes to another source of information to help improve our lives. On the other hand, another study from the same website expressly rules out that heat inactivates lectins:. I found the info he was talking about here after some digging — they say specifically that cooking legumes for 15 minutes at atmospheric pressure usually removes antinutrients.

The person who posted below you does say that at atmospheric pressure, the lectins decrease, which jells with what is stated in the abstract you posted. I will try to figure out what the best temp is for that to happen. Phytates also have an impact on the environment when fed to animals. Finally no more iron injections and infusions. In addition, there would not be such an interest in messing with the genes and molecular breeding if phytates were not a problem.

In countries where there is a reliance on wheat and legumes, iron deficiency is rampant. Another study showed the inclusion of wheat in a healthy non anaemic person, actually reduced their iron status.

The wife and I started eating mostly Paleo about two months ago. We are probably percent paleo. We are not eating anything out of boxes or cans. I feel better and have lost a little weight. Again, this was a good article, thanks for the read. Hey Chris—have you seen this? It says high LDL is a sign of low tryptophan, and that beans may be used for non-meat eaters to replenish. You have a very broad perspective which is interesting.

My motivation to lose weight was simply because I am healthy, and want to stay healthy, and Paleo to me makes the most sense. When I used to eat bread, pasta and processed foods, I loved the taste, but was always tired afterwards.

Glad I found you! Regardless, you do have a very interesting point of view. I thought there was something wrong with the package I bought so I took it back and got another and still could not taste it. It was like cardboard. After touching base with friends, I discovered that my taste buds have changed completely!! If you had told me that would happen, and that I could stop drinking diet soda, I would have told you that you were crazy.

As an MD with a strong interest in this area, I absolutely appreciate your viewpoints and approach to nutrition.

Dr Cordain seemed a sensible person to me, that is until recently. The spats with Sally Fallon and now Chris point to someone who although expressing superior intellectual foundations, seems to lack the emotional intelligence necessary to deal with these issues in public.

Chris, your approach works for those who are less dogmatic some would say less intellectual , you handle yourself well under interview, and I would recommend you not get too hung up about people who hold such dogmatic views, no matter how much more intellectually gifted they may be.

Some interesting discussions in the comments. We should be using it to reconnect with our bodies and then build our own nutrition constructs from it based on how different foods make us feel, what we tolerate well, and what we like. I think having an umbrella term and template for getting people to reconnect with their nutrition, health and lifestyle is vital in order to be able to promote it effectively. So I totally understand why Chris has aligned himself with the Paleo approach rather than making up a new marketable name and I commend him for that.

I think if we take the commercial element away it becomes a much more acceptable way to approach nutrition. Remember we need to make it as easy as possible for people. Most people commenting on this post are reasonably nutrition savvy, they are not the people we are trying to reach out to!

Given their current eating habits, knowledge, and challenges! Excellent post, so pleased you have taken the time to look at the science. Scientific research has revealed evidence that they were eaten as part of the Neanderthal diet.

A healthy diet is surely one which is full to the brim of whole foods not processed ones. As a vegetarian, legumes are an essential part of my diet. Vicky, Thank you for being one of the tolerant vegetarians who realizes that we are all different people with different nutritional needs. There actually ARE Paleo vegetarians — they even have a couple of websites.

This pretty much sums up why I feel true, strict paleo is silly. Paleo promotes many, many healthy practices that entirely contradict the typical modern diet. A paleo diet is leaps and bounds better than the average diet, there is no question about this… But to specifically limit healthful foods simply because they were not consumed during our evolution is silly. Using this as a basis for our diets neglects many healthful foods, simply for an arbitrary reason.

Yes, our ancestors likely had a much more balanced PUFA intake, a diet higher in MUFA and saturated fats, a higher protein and carbohydrate deficient diet, while simultaneously consuming zero processed foods and large quantities of vegetable matter… Sounds like a very healthy diet because these foods, for their own intrinsic benefits, are exceptionally healthful.

I wonder if sprouting beans, such as lentils prior to cooking is even better than simply soaking? Thank you for including your sources and really being critical of the evidence. I look forward to more of your posts! But that is also true of modern, factory-farmed meat. Domestic animals have been bred for certain characteristics, just as veggies have. And some of the animals that Paleo man ate are now extinct.

Even an iconic meat like bison is not exempt — they are making a comeback, but there are very few genetically pure bison to work with. They have been extensively interbred with domestic cattle. Science and nature are not helping the purists maintain their dogma. As Chris keeps emphasizing, Paleo is a template. And diet is likely only one component of the health that Paleo people enjoyed.

The article you refer to in you post in turn refers to a study by Iver et al. But a more resent study, http: I believe hot water soaking is the way to go if you are to get any significant effect.

But it would be great to get your comment on this, Chris! Besides the good taste, and the fact it made me feel better, I like the paleo diet because it is based on science and facts about what foods do in the body—not dogma and old correlational studies and unbacked claims, which is all I have been able to find so far to support vegan and raw-vegan diets.

I am wondering if soaking, then grinding and fermenting using nut or dairy yogurt then steaming or baking legumes further reduces the toxins. What about being resistant if they are now ground and in bread form? The same goes for fermenting nuts into cheese or yogurt, using probiotics. What does that do to the omega 3 vs. I also have seen no mention of beans in the mung group ie mung, moth, and urad. They are small like lentils. Lastly, when legumes are turned to dals split and skin removed are there fewer toxins?

If these foods have benefits and no harm, it makes sense to eat them, if only to add variety to the diet. However, perhaps my son and husband can tolerate them better? I do best on meats and fat, some veggies and fruit rarely. This made sense to me. But what I had read also suggested that, in your diet, those red skins may act to clear certain parasites from the digestive tract.

I wonder if there could be any truth to that last part. I love how you point out how people get paleo-anal about beans, yet still eat chocolate, etc. We cut out all legumes when we first started eating this way.

But despite fish oil, plenty of coconut oil, good hydration, oily nuts, etc my friend got a little winter eczema inside her elbows and behind her knees.

Then one day Mom decided we should be eating natural peanut butter—the kind with all the oil on top. Cured the eczema almost overnight. I tried it for my friend and had the same result. If she eats a tablespoon or so of it every other day, no eczema or rashes. Hi Chris, I enjoy all your articles and thank you for evaluating facts in an un-biased way.

A couple of comments: This is not a bad thing, but is kind of what Weston Pricers have been saying for a while. This must be a fairly recent practice. Yet Paleo advocates fermented foods as they should just like Weston Pricers. It would have been one of the few ways of preserving foods. My point was that most lectins are destroyed by heat cooking or neutralized by simple sugars. So far evidence strongly suggests all the other way around and demonstrated that the mentioned food are mostly those to blame for the gut disruption.

Paleo man quite likely did eat fermented foods. Even wild animals will eat fermented berries that occur naturally. It would have been easy for people to duplicate this process — no special tools or equipment are needed. A few years ago, National Geographic Magazine had an article about a baby mammoth that had been exposed by thawing ice.

They discussed evidence that early man preserved and fermented meat by submerging parts of a kill in the lakes in the area, where lactic acid formation and fermentation on the outer surface would keep the meat from decay. I am O- btw, a relatively recently evolved type and I thrive on dairy. I have relatives and friends who are O- who bloat and sicken on it. I think there are more factors involved in food sensitivity than we presently understand.

It appears they can be acquired as well as possibly inherited, and that they can change over time. But, they grow seasonally and they are eating a varied diet. There re mains a pile of information that still needs correction re. T his process is like the breast milk of newborn mammals. Unlike mammals, plant enemies are not those-that-eat-them, but cold from winter. We humans duplicate this process by soaking seeds lentils, beans, nuts, seeds, grains then sprouting them.

The magic is unmistakeable, to my African violet plants. Perhaps you would like to do some experimenting too? On the question whether or not legumes are Paleo and does it matter, I would say that yes, legumes are Paleo, but only conditionally; and as to whether it matters: First, I think that in the end and for all practical purposes, you and Dr. Loren Cordain agree that legumes can be consumed by a Paleo dieter in moderation. But at the top of the list is this quote: But you should try to avoid them most of the time.

The diet generally consists of eating healthy meat, seafood, vegetables, fruits, and some nuts and seeds. As for the evolutionary perspective, legumes may have been eaten by our Paleolithic ancestors, but the link you provided as evidence is not enough to let us know how much they consumed them and how frequent. They regarded them only as starvation foods.

Anthropologist Chris Stringer has pointed out that though meat was very important food resource for our ancestors, it was unpredictable in obtaining. Even at the beginnings of agriculture, wild grains and legumes were not food unless they were processed, i. Grain-and-legume based diet, as writer Richard Manning pointed out, requires sedentism. When did sedentism happen on a large scale and permanently? In the Neolithic era. The Neolitihic era must have been the time that humans started consuming these foods more frequently and became the staple of their diets, not the Paleolithic.

Can we consume them occasionally like our ancestors did? Why should we avoid legumes most of the time? The two antinutrients you mentioned in your article seems to me the least of the problems with legumes. They also have saponins, polyphenols: They have three times less protein than animal foods, and the little protein they do have are poorly digested. Is it worth to consume legumes for that? But how much in comparison? And which is more worth it to consume, nuts or legumes?

Given, as you say, they are prepared properly by soaking, fermenting, etc. But who has time and energy for that? I highly recommend Prof. Great post Chris, one of the things that occurs to me is many of the longest lived groups of people eat quantities of beans or grains.

One thing they have in common is traditional preparation methods and often fremented foods i. The microbiome for these people will be specifically adapted to these foods.

I also note that they often have a pretty basic diet not frequently and radically varing it. Hi Chris, as a nutritionist and Crossfitter I am constantly reading and researching on diet and nutrition, in particular the Paleo diet. I love reading your articles, and especially how you give a really well balanced, unbiased point of view based on multiple sources of research.

The internet can be a confusing place to navigate for health information, not only for the general public but also for people like me involved in the health industry. Thank you for providing such a great article to read and learn from.

Looking forward to reading more! This is a great article. If your goal is optimal health than you will follow in the foot steps of you ancestors within general reason. Make the exception the rule and you will join the ranks of millions of Americans who are…. Frankly very little of it is. Paleolithic people ate diets far different from our modern Paleo diet. If your ancestors lived in the far northern hemisphere most Americans have northern hemispheric heritage than you ought to be eating fish and red meat most of the winter.

Very very little vegetation was consumed during the winter months. I myself eat very few carbs in the winter with an increase in fruit intake during the summer months.

In fact berries will significantly contribute to my calories during the summer with protein and fat in the winter North American Indian Diet. Maybe I should start a new fad!! Add some stress, health issues, or even age… and things could be different.

Legumes are a great source of resistant starch — a prebiotic- necessary to feed gut flora. Thank you for this post Chris. As a fellow acupuncturist, I rely on this kind of information to relay to my patients, and I really appreciate your contribution not only to our field but to the healthcare industry in general.

I especially appreciate your brief discussion about dogma. And if only the world would heed his advice…. You see it a lot with T. So you want to be very, very careful of this ideology. In my mind, I have a little example I use whenever I think about ideology. The example is these Scandinavia canoeists who succeeded in taming all the rapids of Scandinavia and they thought they would tackle the whirlpools of the Aron Rapids here in the United States.

A big whirlpool is not something you want to go into, and I think the same is true about a really deep ideology. I have what I call an iron prescription that helps me keep sane when I naturally drift toward preferring one ideology over another and that is: This business of not drifting into extreme ideology is a very, very important thing in life.

A great reminder to keep your mind flexible and open to new possibilities. Things are always shifting and changing! I tried doing the standard low-carb paleo and ended up with adrenal fatigue as a result. Something that I am still battling. And we need a certain amount of sodium in our diets. Even animals will seek out salt-licks I have caught my cat and dog licking my Himalayan salt lamp several times! In addition, I am sure there is a reason why that since prehistoric times salt has been seen as such a valuable trading commodity… I see no reason not to season food with high quality, unrefined sea salt or pink Himalayan salt if you are not eating a high-sodium SAD.

But I am not averse to a few traditionally non-paleo ingredients I do dark chocolate for example, and have been known to use organic sugar on occasion. I personally found sprouted lentils to be the least bad. Peas can be eaten without soaking too. The rest, need more preparation. Kudos, Chris, for a logical, balanced post and overall approach. Chris — I really appreciate your approach of using Paleo as a template rather than a set of hard and fast rules.

We all have to experiment and discover what works best for our bodies and lifestyles. Once you start eating them at least twice a day, after a few weeks, less gas, after 6 weeks, next to none at all.

The body develops super efficient bacterial amounts in the large intestine to digest them well. The other wonderful benefit of legumes is their massive amount of soluble fibre. This bonds with a strong chemical bond to the bile flowing into the duodenum, holds all the excess cholesterol like a strong magnet, excess oestrogen and other excess hormones trapped in the bile, as well as the toxins that the liver has diverted into the bile to clear out.

So the digestive tracts of legume eaters do not recycle bile and all the rubbish is was attempting to carry out of the body — which is the usual process — it has to make a fresh batch. What is bile made of?

So beans provide a double benefit — they help rid the body of excess cholesterol and then the body uses up more cholesterol making necessary bile. Beans and lentils are a superfood, in my opinion. I was at a Weston A Price conference years ago.

One of the speakers, a GI MD talked about beans. This is why truly understanding your gut is essential! Keeping it fed , healthy and sealed is the root of great health IMO and healthy legumes not soy or peanuts is essential for this. Much appreciated for further growth and understanding. For people with hormones imbalance the issue with eating legumes is not lectins or phytic acid. The real issue is the phytoestrogens in legumes. All legumes are high in phytoestrogens not just soy.

I still have mixed feelings about paleo. There is some recent indication that evolution can take place much faster than we thought. Why paleo, why not go back to when were were just starting to climb out of the sea? Which time period truy represents our nutritional needs? The activity of the compounds varies enormously depending on the nature of the sugars attached to the alkaloid or terpene. It has been shown that changing one single stereogenic center on the carbohydrate can completely alter the activity of the saponin or glycoalkaloid.

The carbohydrates attached to the alkaloids or terpenes have been shown to be easily cleaved or modified during digestion. In addition, saponins and glycoalkaloids have many different types of activities, some of which are beneficial.

The studies that have shown saponins or glycoalkaloids to be detrimental to the gut are animal studies where massive amounts of the compounds were fed to the critters. The studies are simply not physiologically relevant. There is currently no convincing evidence that cooked and ingested glycoalkaloids and saponins are harmful. Saponins go away with soaking. Same thing happens to quinoa, that also has saponins.

Rinsing or soaking removes them. So while I absolutely do not agree with the evolutionary dogma of the paleo diet, what I do agree with is your perspective that it should be viewed as a basic guideline that may help many individuals particularly those struggling with chronic conditions to achieve improved health and wellbeing.

Since starting my real food journey over 6 years ago, I have found that my diet constantly needs to be adjusted and that although I could once eat simply gluten-free, now I must avoid all grains, except white rice on occasion. I also do well with certain legumes in moderation, but I do not do well at all with white potatoes. So again, my point is that I appreciate the fact that you avoid elevating the paleo diet to the point of making it an all-or-nothing lifestyle.

God created an amazing array of healthy foods for us and it truly is a blessing to be able to pick and choose from a wide variety of healthy foods to suit our particularly dietary needs.

Thank you again, Chris. I truly enjoy your blog. My husband on the other hand has no problem at all and loves them. I would rather see him eat beans than french fries or junk food. I embrace much of the Paleo life style, but find it too dogmatic and then a bit ridiculous.

I hate to see the same things happening to Paleo that happened with the gluten free craze. As an Italian, beans are one of the staples, but not eaten daily, maybe not even three times a week, but still a part of many dishes, especially dishes loaded with vegetables and olive oil. I see nothing unhealthy about those rustic dishes. Chris, there is another aspect to all of this. This goes for legumes, chocolate, alcohol etc.

If we acknowledge the nourishment as we eat the foods and express thanks for the abundance, these will most likely nourish our bodies. I think this is a fantastic article. I appreciate that you encourage people to explore what works for their bodies rather than sticking with a rigid set of rules set by someone else.

Thank you so much for this article and all of your well done research! My first attempt at Paleo left me underweight and feeling miserable. Now I try to eat the foods that agree with MY body, and not just eliminate things in order to label myself as Paleo. This article was incredibly helpful and shows that I have no reason to feel guilty for eating a properly prepared serving of legumes. Chris, I LOVE to cook and eat, and I make many of my own foods from scratch if I feel they will substantially superior to a purchased item ie, almond milk, bone broth, etc.

But even I, a self-professed foodie, have been finding all of the special food shopping and prep for paleo to be daunting and monopolizing my time. Congratulations on your Dr. I used to teach macrobiotic cooking and I always soaked beans overnight, discarded that water, then pressure cooked them with kombu. And yet… my entire family still had digestive issues. Sometimes even cooked this way the beans were still harder than they should have been.

Now I wonder why I went through all this trouble when I can cook some burgers in 10 minutes, they will be delicious, my family will enjoy them a heck of a lot more, and we all get more protein?!?

Paleo does not require imitating our ancestors but taking them as a reference. Paleo is supposed to be a risk minimization strategy based on the notion that the more foreign elements we include in our diet, the higher the chance we suffer a metabolic derailment of some sort.

There is still a lot to know about how the body works, so the safer route is to avoid legumes. Can you eat them without seriously risking your ability to maximize health? We will have more certainty only as science advances. Then there it was this morning in my inbox! Trust me, if I could stuff my face with taro every day and have a BMI of 18, I would jump right on the safe starch bandwagon!

A way to bind lectins is to consume glucosamine, which is found in the shells of shrimps. So, if you are going to eat a lectin heavy meal take a glucosamine supplement before. As mentioned, pressure cooking is a simple way to eliminate most lectins. I pressure cook a weeks worth of potatoes and eat them cold to get the benefits of the resistant starch. I enjoyed this article.

The reason why I was attracted to the paleo diet is because of the open minded approach. Finding real foods that work for YOU. The anti-legume crowd never did convince me. Why are people so anxious to always be jumping on the next bandwagon? It is like a replacement for religion? If you are having trouble digesting organic wheat then you need to see to your gut health, i. A gastroenterologist I was talking to the other day says his specialty literature mentions that some people are fructans intolerant a form of sugar in wheat and other foods and so when they eschew wheat they improve.

Chris, what you present here is essentially a strawman argument. They would argue, just like you, that the occassional consumption of low amounts of legumes is fine. To launch a whole attack on major paleo thinkers and authors who are actually under attack from all sides by BS fad-diet psuedo-science.

None of us are the meat-eater version of vegans. This is not a movement of dogma. And creating dogmatist-strawman characatures of Loren Cordain is damaging to all of us. Sounds pretty far from an ad hominem attack on Dr. This should apply to nutrition science as well. And yes, those people exist. Chris simply responded to this. And he responded like a gentleman. I personally value clinical experience as high, if not higher than publication count. This comment is not meant in a rude or sarcastic tone.

Chris has not done anything confusing, its all very clear to me. As he said on the Robb Wolf show, he is neutral on legumes. Legumes are not the highest nutrient dense food, but they are also not harmful in moderation. Sometimes I get tired of eating tubers all the time, it makes me happy that sometimes I can take a break from tubers and have some lentils.

There was no attack on anyone. Adults should be able to have respectful disagreements, without anyone taking it personally. Recognizing great diversity in a diet makes it harder to define the diet in a few sound bites, which then creates tension for some people. The paleo diet, in many ways, is too diverse to define on what you have to exclude aside from obvious items, like highly processed foodstuffs.

This is especially true considering one can examine different regions and different time periods within the paleolithic.

For example, if you want to go back 2. If you look at more recent times say 50, years ago , hominids were eating grain and legumes along with all kinds of other foods, including lots of animals. The idea for me is then to examine what types of animal foods or grains and legumes they consumed, and find those forms or as close a mimic as possible—ignoring highly derived cultivated plants that have documented losses in nutrition, phytochemistry, and fiber.

There is ample documentation of indigenous people around the world consuming legumes and experiencing health i. It may seem like more work, but it opens up the diet to greater diversity and stops spreading dogma. Thank you for this post. I am indian and legumes are a big part of our diet. In Indian cooking legumes are soaked overnight very often and are properly prepared.

I agree with what you say about being on guard against the herd mentality. How about sprouts from lentils or peas? They are not paleo if strict, but what about lentil sprouts and anti nutrients? No, I would soak and cook your own. I know someone who can eat homecooked beans all day without a problem, but the storebought canned ones cause the back of her hands to crack and bleed within 20 minutes of consumption.

This leads me to believe that they are not soaking the beans properly. Probably just pressure cooking them from the dried state.

Kudos to Eden for their wonderful beans and no BPA in their cans! I cannot imagine my life without their beans. I used to be sensitive to all beans, even the ones cooked and soaked at home. But I can totally enjoy Eden beans.

I am able to make a variety of dishes for my family and they allow me to serve different kinds of beans for small or large servings when I need to and not be stuck with the same pot of of beans for a week!

Not to mention that they save me time and make my life a little easier! Cooking destroys enzymes such as phytase. So even though they are soaking in the can, there are no enzymes to neutralize the anti-nutrients. Soaking must be done before cooking.

In fact the research I was able to find seems to show that canned beans are probably ok — and possibly even better than any home method other than soaking and pressure cooking. This study found that lectins in canned beans are mitigated during the pressure-cooking process.

What about phytic acid? Bottom line, soaking and pressure cooking your own beans is probably the best option, but canned beans seem ok, too, at least in terms of phytic acid and lectin content. Chris, I really appreciate your interpretation of the evidence and your balanced take on this. It is quite helpful to me as I try to determine my own best Paleo template and has made me decide to buy your book!

Thank you for taking a scientific, evidence-based approach, instead of a dogmatic one! I think legumes are problematic for a lot of people. You can read my take on legumes here: Hi- curious about the difference between canned beans and dry ones that are soaked — can you elaborate or point me to an article discussing the processes and how it affects the legumes?

Just wondering — never thought about this before!. We need to stop setting ourselves apart with our food choices. Basically, you want to be comfortable.

Loose clothing that you can relax in is best. If you have a skin condition you may want to wear something that exposes more skin. For those without skin conditions such as dermatitis, eczema or psoriasis …these conditions are not contagious and cannot be passed from one person the other.

The salt in the air will not harm or be noticeable on your clothes. You will be given disposable shoe coverings to slip over your feet or shoes. Consuming too much salt is linked to high blood pressure. With salt therapy, you are inhaling a dry salt aerosol which only enters your respiratory system not your digestive tract. The salt particles are so fine that even if you were to eat that amount it most likely will not pose a risk to your health. Typically there are none.

Few individuals have experienced a slight throat tickle which can be treated with gargling warm to hot water. In cases with an individual that is highly sensitive they can experience slight skin irritation or red patches; however, they go away after a few sessions.

If you experience increased coughing due to mucous buildup that means the salt therapy treatment is working. Individuals who undergo salt therapy sometimes find themselves less dependent on certain medications and their symptoms less frequent or severe.

Salt naturally absorbs bacteria. The walls and floor of the rooms at The Saltz Medical Spa are covered with pure Himalayan salt crystals which creates an almost sterile environment.

In addition, our ventilation system works throughout the entire session to circulate the air in the room, exhausting used air out and clean, fresh air in. There is no recycling of air back into the salt cave. Chairs are wiped down frequently. Only the finest quality of dry pharmaceutical grade salts are used, as this is the only salt used in medical studies. We do not use Himalayan salt in our generator due to metal contents found in the Himalayan salt and there are no medical studies substantiating the effectiveness of Himalayan salt for therapeutic value through the use of a Halo-generator.

However our walls and floors are covered in pure Himalayan Salt and produce negative ions which are safe and you will not be inhaling any metals into the lungs. You will enter a room where the walls and floor are covered in layers of Himalayan salt. In the salt cave you will have comfortable zero gravity chairs to relax in. The lights will dim and you can choose to listen to relaxing music, read a book or magazine reading lights will be available to you , meditate, or simply rest.

The temperature and humidity in the rooms are controlled to provide an optimal experience. You will find pure relaxation and tranquility away from your everyday stress leaving you rejuvenated and fully energized.

You will notice a faint trace of salt on your lips after the session. You are free to bring your own portable electronic playing device at your own discretion into the salt cave, but we mandate that you use headsets as to not disturb others salt cave experience.

The salt cave will have internet access. We strongly encourage that you place it in a pocket, under a piece of clothing or wrap in a plastic bag as we are not responsible for any damages incurred. We do not recommend you bring any form of electronic that has a fan attached. No cell phone conversations permitted and all phones must be silenced at all times in the salt cave.

The Saltz Medical Spa is not responsible for any damages incurred to any portable electronic or cellular device inside the salt cave. The use of portable electronic device is at your own discretion and The Saltz Medical Spa neither encourages nor discourages the use of portable electronic devices. The effects of breathing in the dry salt aerosol in our salt rooms are far greater than that of breathing in wet air from the ocean.

Dry salt is able to move through both the upper and lower respiratory tracts where wet salt can only reach the upper airways.

Dry salt is negatively charged, therefore, able to revive cilia and speed up its motion. The cilia line our respiratory tract and are covered by a layer of mucous. When a foreign particle such as dust is inhaled, the job of the cilia is to beat causing the mucous to travel towards your mouth so it can be coughed out.

Salt therapy speeds up that process and in some cases where that process is non-existent it works to get it started. The Effect of Salt Chamber Treatment. Salt Treatment for Lung Mucus.

Himalayan Salt Cave Experience. What is Salt Therapy? How does Salt Therapy Work? What are the conditions and ailments that can be treated by salt therapy?

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